skin condition

Skin Cancer

Types of skin cancer that we should be aware of:

1. Basal cell carcinoma

Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) is the most common malignant tumour, and has been increasing in many regions in the world. It is more commonly found in men than women, and most often found in light-skinned individuals. Most basal cell carcinomas appear on body parts with excessive exposure to the sun (UV radiation), commonly found on the face, neck, shoulders, back and ears. Growth of basal cell carcinoma can damage the neighbouring skin and underlying tissue, and surgery remains the first treatment choice for the majority of BCC.

2. Merkel cell carcinoma

Merkel Cell Carcinoma (MCC) is a rare, rapid growing and aggressive tumor, commonly found on elderly and fair skinned individuals. The tumour can appear on body parts such as head, neck, lower limbs and the back. High sun exposure of skin and usage of immunosuppressive therapy can be factors favouring Merkel Cell Carcinoma.

3. Melanoma

Melanoma cases has increased dramatically over the past decades, with risks factors such as family history of melanoma, and high exposure to ultraviolet rays. It is important for patients to seek dermoscopic examination if any suspected lesions appear to be changing in size, colour ans shape, bleeding or inflammed. The standard treatment of Melanoma is to surgically remove the lesion by surgical excision. Regular follow-up is suggested to monitor the skin for possible recurrence.

4. Squamous cell carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a tumour commonly found in fair skinned individuals. Factors such as exposure to chemical carcinogens (tobacco), family history of skin cancer, a weakened immune system and UV light exposure may favour the developement of squamous cell carcinoma. Common sites of SCC include the face, it can greatly impair the facial skin.

5. Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans

Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a slow growing and uncommon skin tumour, its shape is usually highly irregular and usually appears on the trunk, head and neck area. The local recurrence rate after treatment is high and regular lifelong follow-up is suggested.

6. Sebaceous carcinoma

Sebaceous carcinoma is an aggressive and uncommon tumour, it can occur in either ocular or extraocular locations.

Diagnosis and Treatment

In order to diagnose the type of skin cancer on patient's skin, dermoscopy and skin biopsy will be performed during your visit to our clinic.
Suspected pigmented lesions will be examined clinically with dermoscope for diagnosis.

whole body mole screening

For skin biopsy, either the entire growth or part of it will be removed. It will be sent to the laboratory for histopathology. Depending on the type of skin cancer, the right treatment such as surgical excision will be provided as soon as possible.

skin cancer