Onychomycosis refers to fungal infection of the nails. Toenails or fingernails can also be affected, but it is usually more common for toenails. Infected nails can be discolorated in yellow, apparantly thickened and become chalky. Onychomycosis can have a great impact on the quality of life of patients. Patients may experience pain and discomfort especially during walking and doing exercises. There is cosmetic embarrassment and lowered self-esteem due to disfigurement of affected nails. Diagnosis mainly by typical appearance and confirmed by nail sampling for fungal microscopy and culture. Treatment includes topical and oral antifungal agents, laser treatment or nail avulsion surgery in severe cases.

    fungal nails

    Suggestions for better nail care include:

    Maintain good foot hygiene: Wash and thoroughly dry your feet every day. Bring and wear your own sandals in public places such as at the gym

    Choosing the right footwear: Wear breathable socks and shoes, avoid wearing tight-fitting shoes.

    Trim your toenails regularly and properly: Trim nails by using proper nail clippers. Cut straight across, never at an angle or down the edges as it may cause ingrown toenails