acne

Acne

    Most of people may have acne some time or other in our lifetime. It is so common and may cause significant psychosocial disturbance. Acne is a chronic pilosebaceous unit inflammatory disorder. It is related to the sex hormones which explains the high prevalence during puberty, others like genetic, environmental factors (inappropriate cosmetics use, dietary, self squeezing) also play a role.

    Treatment depends very much on the type and severity of acne. Treatment aim is to control the severity and reduce relapses rather than cure. Appropriate skin care is mandatory, use of non-comedogenic agents, therapeutic cleansers may help in disease control. Topical agents like retinoids and anti-inflammatory agents are helpful on modest cases. Short course of oral antibiotics may be needed if there are inflammatory lesions. Oral isotretinoin can be consider in severe selected cases.

    Complications of acne like acne scar and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation can be improved by resurfacing treatments like AHA chemical peels, various lasers such as Fractional Laser.